Information for Authors


‌The Editorial Board will pre-screen all submissions and remove from further consideration those that, in its opinion, do not meet one or more requirements that include, but are not limited to: areas of interest to our readership; quality and clarity of the presentation; novelty; significance of contribution. In all cases where a submission does not pass the pre-screening stage, it will promptly be returned to the authors.


The articles in this journal are peer reviewed in accordance with the requirements set forth in the IEEE Publication Services and Products Board Operations Manual (sections 8.2.1.C & 8.2.2.A).

Each published article is reviewed by a minimum of two independent reviewers using a single-blind peer review process, where the identities of the reviewers are not known to the authors, but the reviewers know the identities of the authors. Articles are screened for plagiarism before acceptance.

Corresponding authors from low-income countries are eligible for waived or reduced open access APCs.

You must submit two versions of your paper in English:
  1. Manuscript file: double-column format, in the IEEE Transactions 10-point font. No more than 10 pages in length including all figures, tables, and references.
    If LaTex is used, use the line \documentclass[10pt,twocolumn,twoside]{IEEEtran} — See the IEEE Transactions templates for details and style files. As of 2018, TCNS has switched to the Alternate Transactions Articles template and authors are encouraged to use it. Submissions using the standard Transactions Articles template will continue to be accepted as there are is no page length difference between the two templates.

  2. Supplementary material: the exact same content as the manuscript file but in a single-column, 10-point font, double spaced format. This file is requested because some reviewers find it convenient to read the manuscript in this format. This must be a pdf file.

Your paper will be returned to you, if both formats are not included.

All submitted manuscripts should be as concise as possiblePapers that exceed 10 pages in length in the double-column format will not be considered. In exceptional circumstances, and after seeking and obtaining approval from the Editor-in-Chief, authors may submit up to 12 pages in length (in the double-column format) structured as follows: main paper up to 10 pages and an appendix up to 2 pages which can contain proofs and/or examples. The entire manuscript should be up to 12 pages and submitted as a single pdf file.

New IEEE policy for manuscript submission. An ORCID is required.
  1. TCNS, like all IEEE journals, requires an Open Researcher and Contributor ID (ORCID) for all authors. ORCID is a persistent unique identifier for researchers and functions similarly to an article’s Digital Object Identifier (DOI). The author will need a registered ORCID in order to submit a manuscript through the submission site CONES or review a proof in this journal.

  2. The CONES landing page has instructions on how to associate your ORCID with your CONES PIN.


Submission of a manuscript signifies that it has neither been copyrighted nor published, submitted, or accepted for publication elsewhere. IEEE policy requires that authors, when using their own previously published or submitted material as a basis for a new submission, they must “cite the previous work(s) and very clearly indicate how the new submission differs from the previously published work(s).” [IEEE Publications Operations Manual, Section 8.2.4F.] Full details on IEEE publication policies are provided in Section 8 of the IEEE Publication Services and Products Board Operations Manual.

If a submitted manuscript has been published or has been accepted for publication in the Proceedings of an IEEE conference, it may be considered for publication if evidence is provided that it adds value relative to its conference version (for example, it contains detailed proofs omitted from the conference version, new material, and/or additional numerical results). This ensures consistency with the policy stated in the previous paragraph.

If, at its time of submission, a manuscript has also been submitted for publication in the Proceedings of an IEEE conference, it will be considered for publication in the Transactions with the understanding that, should it be found publishable in both venues, evidence will be provided that its final version adds value relative to its conference version, as explained in the previous paragraph.


‌Papers should cite the most relevant related work and avoid excessive citations to the work of the authors or others. In particular, self-citations should be kept to an appropriate minimum (no more than five). The connection of each reference to the paper should be apparent from the text. The Editorial Board reserves the right to reject papers that it considers violate the above policy and include citations for the purpose of influencing bibliometric indices.



All prospective authors must submit their manuscripts electronically. Only PDF files are accepted. Your pdf file should be submitted as follows: Please go to the TCNS submission site: CONES and follow the instructions to upload your pdf file. You will be given the option to upload additional files (e.g., supporting material with your manuscript), as well as a cover message.

Authors outside the USA: Please make sure that your postscript or pdf files can be printed out correctly on standard US paper size (8 1/2 x 11”). For example, with dvips, use the option “-t letter”.



‌It is the policy of the IEEE to own the copyright to the technical contribution it publishes on behalf of the interests of the IEEE, its authors and their employers, and to facilitate the appropriate reuse of this material by others. To comply with the U.S. Copyright Law, authors are required to sign an IEEE copyright form before publication. This form returns to authors and their employers full rights to reuse their material for their own purposes. The form may be obtained from IEEE Copyright Form and signing the form is integrated in the on-line submission process. In addition, the IEEE must also comply with U.S. laws or restrictions pertaining to the dissemination of defense-related information. For more information please see the IEEE Export Control Compliance Form.



1. The First page must contain:

     a. Title of Paper (without Symbols),
     b. Author(s) and affiliation(s);
     c. Abstract (not exceeding 300 words);
     d. For each author: complete mailing address, telephone number, and electronic mail (e-mail) address;
     e. Preferred address for correspondence and return of proofs; and
     f. Footnotes (if desired) containing acknowledgment of financial or other support.

2. Provide an Introduction that includes a statement of the purpose and contribution of the paper.

3. If appropriate, indicate advantages, limitations, and possible applications in a Conclusion section.

4. References should be numbered and appear in a separate bibliography at the end of the paper. Use numerals in square brackets to cite references, e.g., [15]. References should be complete and in the IEEE style (in LaTex use \bibliographystyle{IEEEtran}).


‌TCNS accepts graphical abstracts and they must be peer reviewed. For more information about graphical abstracts and their specifications, visit the IEEE website.


‌TCNS accepts computer code associated with an article (e.g., implementing algorithms) which can be submitted with the final accepted manuscript. The code can be accessed and run by readers of the article through the IEEE Xplore. An outline of this feature and the functionality it offers is described in this Code Ocean Outline . Additional information and instructions are at the Code Ocean website.


Final versions of papers accepted for publication should be submitted in the IEEE Transactions 10-point font, double-column format, and should not exceed 10 pages including all figures, illustrations, and author(s) bios. In exceptional circumstances, and at the recommendation of the Associate Editor or the Senior Editor, the EiC can approve the submission of a final version that is up to 12 pages. Any paper that exceeds 10 pages is subject to overlength charges.