Abdullah S. Almansouri, et al., "Magneto-Acoustic Resonator for Aquatic Animal Tracking" IEEE Transactions on Magnetics 55 (2), 2019, 1.
Over the past three decades, passive acoustic telemetry has significantly helped marine scientist to study and understand the spatial ecology, migratory behaviors, and mortality rates of aquatic animals. A popular telemetry system consists of two components: an acoustic transmitter tag attached to an aquatic animal and powered by a small battery, and a stationary station that receives the acoustic signals from the tagged animal and determines its location. The added weight and increased size of the tag introduced by the battery limit the implementation of this system to relatively large animals. Moreover, these tags have a limited operational time determined by the lifetime of the battery in combination with the measurement frequency and data resolution and transfer rate. In this paper, a self-powered magneto-acoustic resonator for animal tracking is proposed. It is achieved by utilizing the low-frequency motions of the animals to excite high-frequency acoustic pulses. The measurement results show that the device is capable of producing an average acoustic sound of 55 dB sound pressure level at 1 m of distance with a resonant frequency of 15 kHz.