The underwater or marine environment has always been a challenging environment for robots due to the difficulties that arise when placing a robot such robust and dynamic condition. However, recent advancements in technology have seen the use of a swarm of robots that are affordable but yet are of better quality than traditional robots in certain applications. This shift has opened up new possibilities for exploring the underwater world. Intelligent swarm underwater robotics is an emerging topic that has gained significant attention in recent years. The use of swarm robotics has been shown to be effective in many underwater tasks and applications such as mobile data collection, underwater exploration, and swarm hunting and combating. The dependence on human divers or operators for many the underwater applications can be further reduced with the utilisations of appropriate robotics approaches. In this keynote speech, we will discuss the current state of intelligent swarm underwater robotics for coastal and shallow water applications. We will explore the current algorithms, communication methods, and designs that are being used to develop these systems. We will also discuss the challenges that arise when developing these systems and how they can be overcome. The use of intelligent swarm underwater robotics has many potential applications in coastal and shallow water environments. These include environmental monitoring, oil spill detection, marine life observation, and search and rescue operations. In conclusion, intelligent swarm underwater robotics is an exciting field that has great potential for exploring the underwater world. The use of swarm robotics has opened up new possibilities for exploring this challenging environment and has many potential applications in coastal and shallow water environments.
Mohd Rizal Arshad is a professor at the School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering at Universiti Sains Malaysia, where he specializes in ocean robotics technology. He received his B.Eng. in Medical Electronics and Instrumentation from the University of Liverpool in 1994, and his MSc. in Electronic Control Engineering from the University of Salford in 1995. He earned his PhD in Electronic Engineering in 1999 with a specialization in underwater imaging using diffused laser source. Prof Rizal has supervised many postgraduate students and has published extensively in local and international publications. He is a professional engineer with the Board of Engineer Malaysia and a professional technologist with the Malaysian Board of Technologist. He is also a Chartered Marine Engineer (C.MarEng) with the Institute of Marine Engineering, Science and Technology, a senior member of the IEEE, and a Chartered Engineer (C.Eng) with the Engineering Council in the UK. He is recognized as a pioneer in underwater system technology and robotics research in Malaysia.