Organic Field-Effect Transistor-Based Flexible Sensors

Saravanan Yuvaraja et al., "Organic Field-Effect Transistor-Based Flexible Sensors" Chemical Society Reviews 2020, (Advanced Article). (12) 49, 2020, 3423.

Flexible electronic devices have attracted a great deal of attention in recent years due to their flexibility, reduced complexity and lightweight. Such devices can conformably attach themselves to any bendable surface and can possess diverse transduction mechanisms. Consequently, with continued emphasis on innovation and development, major technological breakthroughs have been achieved in this area. This review focuses on the advancements of using organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) in flexible electronic applications in the past 10 years. In addition, to the above mentioned features, OFETs have multiple advantages such as low-cost, readout integration, large-area coverage, and power efficiency, which yield synergy. To begin with, we have introduced organic semiconductors (OSCs), followed by their applications in various device configurations and their mechanisms. Later, the use of OFETs in flexible sensor applications is detailed with multiple examples. Special attention is paid to discussing the effects induced on physical parameters of OFETs with respect to variations in external stimuli. The final section provides an outlook on the mechanical aspects of OSCs, activation and revival processes of sensory layers, small area analysis, and pattern recognition techniques for electronic devices.